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Living in Melbourne

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Melbourne is the capital and most populous city in the state of Victoria, and the second-most populous city in Australia. As of June 2011, the greater geographical area had a population of 4.1 million.Inhabitants of Melbourne are called Melburnians or Melbournians.The metropolis is located on the large natural bay known as Port Phillip, with the city centre positioned on the estuary of the Yarra River . The metropolitan area then extends south from the city centre, along the eastern and western shorelines of Port Phillip, and expands into the hinterland.

The city centre is situated in the municipality known as the City of Melbourne. The metropolitan area consists of a further 30 municipalities.Melbourne was founded in 1835 (47 years after the European settlement of Australia) by settlers from Launceston in Van Diemen's Land.It was named by Governor of New South Wales Sir Richard Bourke in 1837, in honour of the British Prime Minister of the day, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne.Melbourne was officially declared a city by Queen Victoria in 1847.In 1851, it became the capital city of the newly created colony of Victoria.

During the Victorian gold rush of the 1850s, it was transformed into one of the world's largest and wealthiest cities.After the federation of Australia in 1901, it served as the interim seat of government of the newly created nation of Australia until 1927.

Source: living-in-melbourne.com

Often referred to as the "Garden City" and "cultural capital of Australia", Australian rules football, it is also a major centre for contemporary and traditional Australian music. Melbourne was ranked as the world's most liveable city in ratings published by the Economist Group's Intelligence Unit in August 2011 and again in 2012. It was also ranked in the top ten Global University Cities by RMIT's Global University Cities Index (since 2006) and the top 20 Global Innovation Cities by the 2thinknow Global Innovation Agency (since 2007). The metropolis is also home to the world's largest tram network.The main airport serving Melbourne is Melbourne Airport. Avalon Airport is currently being developed into Melbourne's second international airport.

Melbourne Transportation

Public transport
Melbourne's public transport network is efficient, convenient and easy to use. You can choose from trains, trams, buses and yellow taxis.

Buy a MYKI for flexible travel between trains, trams and buses. You'll be able to use public transport in and around the city for just a few hours or all day.Plan your trip, buy tickets online and download maps and timetables from Public Transport Victoria, the one stop shop for information about travelling on public transport (phone 1800 800 007).

Visit Public Transport Victoria for maps, timetables, tickets and route information.

Weather

Melbourne is an excellent place to see the seasons change. In summer, most people head out to visit our golden beaches. In autumn, experience the glorious foliage of the many European-style parks that fringe the CBD. In winter, Melbournians enjoy the warmth of cozy cafes and bars. Spring is a time for renewal a great time to head back into our parks and revel in our beautiful gardens.

Spring: September-November
Summer: December-February
Autumn: March-May
Winter: June-August

Summers are beautiful and warm with temperatures ranging from 28-38 degrees Celsius. Spring and autumn are mild. Winters can be cool but often with clear blue skies. Snow doesn't fall in Melbourne but does in the alpine areas.


Living Costs
The choices you make about accommodation, transport, food and entertainment will greatly vary your living costs in Melbourne. The Live in Melbourne website offers some guidance on typical expenses.


Eating out
Melbournians love good food. The city and suburbs are full of cafes, restaurants and, bars serving cuisines from all over the world. Certain parts of the city are famous for their culinary speciality:

Italian: Lygon Street, Carlton
Spanish : Johnston Street, Fitzroy
Vietnamese: Victoria Street, Abbotsford
Chinese and Asian: Chinatown, City Centre
Greek: Lonsdale Street, City Centre
Jewish: Carlisle Street, St Kilda.


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